CoCo Nuts


CoCo Nuts

Despite it being Coco Chanel’s 131st birthday yesterday, this is nothing to do with fashion. I’m also not talking about coca-cola (Coke), cocoa beans or Cocaine, or indeed coconuts. I’m referring to what I believe to be a wise move from the regulator, the FCA to ban the sale of CoCos  (Contingent Convertible Securities). Now this may be a new one to you (and indeed most of us) however this is yet another example of a “clever” investments tool that brings with it the likely prospect of profit only in the direction of the product manufacturer and unlikely to be suitable for any normal investor. Cocoanuts

The story is familiar – potentially high returns. However these products are highly complex (to put it mildly). The regulator is concerned about financial advisers that use Discretionary Fund Managers (DFM), where sometimes these products are used. It is likely that the adviser does not realise – and almost certain that the investor doesn’t either. So the regulator has called time… or will do on 1st October 2014 for a year whilst restrictions about who can use these investments are carefully assessed.

This is not an issue for our clients. It is an issue for those with holdings managed by a DFM or stockbroker to manage their wealth. Great care is needed and this is precisely why you need a good IFA to assess portfolios, what your attitude to risk really is, along with obviously helping to figure out what returns you really need and why. It is my belief that the financial world is too complex and too treacherous for most investors to “go it alone”.

Contingent convertible instruments (commonly known as CoCos) are hybrid capital securities that absorb losses when the capital of the issuer falls below a certain level. They are risky and highly complex instruments.

Dominic Thomas


CoCo Nuts2017-01-06T14:39:35+00:00

The Devil Wears Nada


The Devil Wears Nada

Another guest blog from Jim Parker, vice president of Dimensional, with a particularly witty and pertinent take on the way the financial services industry attempts to mimic the fashion industry, but leads investors astray. Over to you Jim…

The global fashion industry is fickle by nature, pushing and then pulling trends to keep hapless consumers forever turning over their wardrobes. Much of the financial services industry works the same way. Fashion designers, manufacturers and media operate by telling consumers what’s in vogue this year, thus artificially creating demand where none previously existed. What turns up in the boutiques is hyped as hip by the glossy magazines. So you “have” to buy it.

Likewise, much of the media and financial services industries depend on fleeting trends and built-in obsolescence to keep investors buying new “stuff”. Driving this industry aren’t so much the real needs of individuals but manufactured wants with short shelf-lives.

Just as in fashion, consumers jump onto an investment trend just as it’s peaking and when the market has moved onto something else. So their portfolios are full of mismatched, costly and impractical creations such as hybrids, capital protected products and hedge funds. These products tend to be created because they can sell. So in early 2005, Reuters wrote of how banks were manufacturing exotic credit derivatives for investors looking for ways to boost yield at a time of narrowing premiums over risk free assets.1

Four years later, in the midst of the crisis caused partly by those same derivatives, the shiny new things were “guaranteed” or “capital protected” products as financial institutions rolled out a new line of merchandise they thought they could sell to a ready market.2

Some investors made the mistake of swinging from one trend to the other, ending up with overly concentrated portfolios – like a fashion buyer with a wardrobe full of puffy blue shirts. Now while some of these investments may well have found a viable market, it’s worth asking whether the specific and long-term needs of individuals are best served by the design and mass marketing of products built around short-term trends.thedevilwearsprada

Luckily, there is an alternative. Rather than investing according to what’s trendy at any one moment, some people might prefer an approach based on long-term evidence and built upon principles that have been tried and tested in many market environments. Instead of second guessing where the market might go next, this alternative approach involves working with the market, taking only those risks worth taking, holding a number of asset classes, keeping costs low and managing one’s own emotions.

Instead of chasing returns like an anxious fashion victim, this approach involves investors trusting the market to offer the compensation owed to them for taking “systematic” risk or those risks in the market that can’t be diversified away. Instead of juggling investment styles according to the fashion of the moment, this approach is based on dimensions of return in the market that have been shown by rigorous research and evidence as sensible, persistent and pervasive.

Instead of blowing the wardrobe budget on the portfolio equivalent of leg warmers, this approach spreads risk across and within many different asset classes, sectors and countries. That’s a tried and true technique called diversification.

And instead of paying top dollar for the popular brands at the expensive department stores, this approach focuses on securing good long-term investments at prices low relative to fundamental measures. Buying high just means your expected return is low.

Most of all, instead of focusing on off-the-rack investments created by the industry based on what it thinks it can sell this week, this approach delivers long-term, made-to-measure results based on each individual’s own needs, goals and life circumstances.

To paraphrase the legendary designer Coco Chanel, investment fashion changes but style never goes out of fashion.

1. ‘Demand for Exotic Derivatives Seen Growing – Bankers’, Reuters, Jan 18, 2005

2. ‘Investing: Storm Shelters’ – Money magazine, Oct 1, 2009

Thanks Jim, for those that don’t get the title reference, here’s the trailer for an amusing and allegedly accurate portrayal of life in the fashion industry.

The Devil Wears Nada2017-01-06T14:39:39+00:00
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